Thursday, February 28, 2013

Scale Model Painting and Weathering Process Flow I

This generic Scale Model Painting and Weathering Process Flow offers general definition of terms used in scale model painting and weathering, tips and the usual order of paint application  and other finishing layers commonly practiced- a simple guide that can help a newbie like me. This is by no means original (is there such a thing nowadays?) but of course is a result of research and my desire to learn more about this craft. It applies to military vehicles, aircraft, ship models, etc. that have a realistic non-gloss finish as glossy finishes (for car models) follows a different process flow.

Painting Process Flow:

This flow itself is just a general guide to achieve a good result on most models.  Not every step is required  in every case.  Some steps may actually require repetition to achieve a desired effect.

1. Wash all parts- to get a dust and grease-free surface. (see my previous post on this topic: King Tiger Build Proper- Prepainting Ritual.)
2. Primer- the very first coat of paint which goes directly to the model’s surface completely covered later by  coats of paint. The main reasons for priming your model is to show up surface defects, improve top coats adhesion and as pre-shading.
The primer coat on this figure revealed areas where the seam was still visible – marked with the red circles)
3. Pre-Shading- (optional); A method of darkening areas, such as panel lines, shadow areas around detail and control surfaces, prior to the main color coats. Primer coat of the right color may make this step unnecessary.
Hasegawa 1/48 Typhoon Pre-shaded
4. Base Colour
Apply with airbrush if possible using several thin layers with care to NOT totally obscure any pre-shading.
I used as base paint for my King Tiger Tamiya Paint 81760 Acrylic XF60 Dark Yellow.
5. Highlight Base Color and/or Post Shading.
Airbrushing a lighter shade of the base color in the center of panels and upper surfaces. Post-shading (airbrushed darker shade of paint into recesses and along panel lines to simulate shadows) can be very easily overdone so very thin paints airbrushed very sparingly is done and built up in layers.  
6. Protection layer (optional)-
Many modelers apply a thin layer of varnish (often Johnson’s Future/Klear to protect the work done so far from the next stages.
Future is a water-soluble acrylic floor coating that was developed by
 S. C. Johnson Company in Racine, Wisconsin for linoleum flooring.
see THE COMPLETE FUTURE  for its full use in painting scale models
 7. Filters (optional).
This is a very thin transparent paint layer that subtly alters the color of the base layer and helps blend in the colors on camouflage schemes. This has become increasingly popular now with commercial made filters available like the one made by The MIG Productions Company.

8. Detail Painting- Brush painting tools, vehicle accessories and similar tiny items.  
9. Washes- These may be applied to the whole model or limited areas of the kit (pin washes).  
pin wash application using thinned enamel MM Burnt Umber and a pointed detail brush

10. Gloss / protective layer. This is another protective layer in preparation for decal application as decals must be applied to a gloss or semi-gloss surface. Some apply this layer only in the decal area (some soak the decal in gloss varnish e.g.  Johnson’s Future/Klear so the decal ‘floats’ on a layer of varnish); while others prefer to put a gloss coat over the whole model depending on previous protective coats applied.
11. Decals / Markings- Applying decals and painting unit markings.
12. Dry Brushing- involves passing a paint brush that has almost no paint over the surface of the model and serves two purposes:  a. to emphasize kit textured surfaces (casting textures on armored vehicles; tread pattern on horizontal surfaces to improve grip, etc.; b. to highlight the edges of models as edges often look lighter because they reflect the light.
13. Protective Layer
This has two possible purposes: a. to seal in the decals before any serious weathering is done; b. to change the surface shine to it’s final effect using matte/flat or semi-gloss over the whole model.

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

OVERHAULIN' take on a 1965 Volkswagen Beetle!

Check out the OVERHAULIN' work done with the 1965 Volkswagen Beetle! Cool!

Overhaulin' is an American automotive reality TV show that ran for five seasons on TLC between 2004–2009, and currently on Velocity and Discovery (Cablevision). The returning season premiered on October 2, 2012 at 8pm EST.


A lot of work had been done previously; bug was beyond repair
lack of certain structural pieces and too much rust were major issues.

What was done:

  • a 1967 replacement beetle acquired.
  • damaged front end given a  grafted new nose with custom Foose touches.
  • replaced hood handle with vintage VW emblem; dropped trim over the front of the emblem, cutting molding to make the trim longer to fit the full contour
  • removed rear apron and replaced with a ‘57 rear apron with longer swoop, giving the car a lower look.
  • took the original air vents, split into 2 pieces, welded, smoothed and finished into the rear.
  • color scheme - a two-tone paint: painted the roof, rear deck, interior, door jams and the hood black.  Butterscorch pearl was the elected BASF paint color for the lower half of the two-tone paint scheme.
  • installed a 200+ horsepower turbo charged engine, 4 times as powerful as the stock engine.

  • installed a wider diameter fuel line, new transmission and insulation to minimize road, engine and vibration noise in the vehicle.
  • installed a state of the art brake system
  • installed Gene Berg shifter for easy gear change
  • installed custom designed, tufted diamond patterned upholstery for the interior.
  • The original speedometer was salvaged and used

  • brand new sound system was also installed.
  • pulled the ashtray back and put the radio with a final trim to the dash.
  • 17” Foose Monterey wheels were wrapped in Pirelli P zeros

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Wednesday, February 13, 2013

2004 Volkswagen Final Special Edition (Última Edición)- a unique GIFT to Pope John Paul II.

To take us briefly away from all the news on Pope Benedict XVI's resignation; lets have a look back at one of the most popular Popes in our lifetime and a somewhat curious though more pleasant connection with another German icon- the Volkswagen Beetle.
Pope John Paul II

On May 27, 2004, Mexico City, Mexico, at the conclusion of the week’s general audience, Pope John Paul II received a unique gift: the last Volkswagen “Beetle” made in Mexico-2004 Sedan Ultima Edition - Mexico. The blue “bug” was given to the Holy Father by a delegation of autoworkers from the Volkswagen plant in Puebla, Mexico, which stopped producing the model July 30th of last year. A group of Mexican sales representatives from the German automaker brought the car to the Vatican.

The bug is still displayed now in the Vatican museum as part of an exhibit devoted to the carriages and cars used by Popes over the years which includes the “Popemobile”.

This final special edition (badged Ultima Edicion), that more significantly marks final production of the air-cooled Beetle, was unveiled on Thursday 10th July, 2003 at a presentation at the Volkswagen plant where it is built in Puebla, east of Mexico City. VW Mexico will make only 3000 of the last edition which brings together aspects of the car's 70 year history.

The edition comes in either Aquarius Blue or Harvest Moon Beige, 1.6 engine, whitewall tires, a CD player with four speakers plus chrome bumpers, trim, hub caps and exterior mirrors, Wolfsburg symbol on bonnet above handle, chrome glove box badge, colour coded wheels, tinted glass, rear parcel shelf, VW Ultima Edicion plaque.

At 84,000 pesos, it costs about $1,300 more than the typical old-style Beetle. Final production of all Beetles ended in Puebla on 30th July, 2003 after 70 years of production worldwide. Some also produced in a light Metallic Blue.

The Specification of the 3000, 2003 Ultima Edicion Beetle is as follows – (Not to confused with the 3000 Last edition silver Beetles in the UK in 1978!)
Two colour combinations on offer:
Aquarius Blue with Franell Grey interior
Harvest Moon Beige with Black interior
Moldings, bumpers, wheel covers and door handles in chrome finishing
165/80 R 15 White-wall radial tires
5J X 15 body coloured stamped steel wheels
Complete carpeting in passenger room
AM/FM stereo CD player with 4 speakers and chromed antenna
Two exterior chromed mirrors
Specific noise isolation in passenger room
Glovebox cover and dashboard inserts in body color
Carpeted lid for rear trunk
Carpeted front trunk
Special commemorative plaque on glove box cover
Complete cloth upholstery
Bags on front back seats
Map’s bag on drivers door.
Chromed VW Logo on the top and Emblem with the coat of arms of the City of Wolfsburg at the front trunk lid
Tail lights with chrome moulding


Cool Volkswagen SuperBowl commercials!

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Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Cool Volkswagen SuperBowl commercials!

Its the time of the year again with Super Bowl XLVII  between Baltimore Ravens  and the San Francisco 49ersCheck out some previous cool Volkswagen (VW) Superbowl commercials I found on the net!


2010 Volkswagen PunchDub Super Bowl Commercial

2011 Volkswagen Beetle Super Bowl XLV television commercial

The Jon Spencer Blues Explosion provide a cover of Ram Jam's hit 'Black Betty' for Volkswagen's VW
new 'Black Beetle' commercial, which had its on-air debut during Super Bowl XLV.

2011 The Force: Volkswagen Commercial
A pint-sized Darth Vader uses the Force when he discovers the all-new 2012 Passat in the driveway. This award-winning commercial first aired during the 2011 Big Game.

2012 The Bark Side: Volkswagen Game Day Commercial Teaser
A canine chorus barks a familiar tune. A canine chorus barks a familiar tune in our Game Day teaser. Watch the 2012 Game Day commercial—it will all make sense.

2012 The Dog Strikes Back: Volkswagen Game Day Superbowl Commercial
In this extended version of our 2012 Game Day commercial, the sporty, all-new 2012 Volkswagen Beetle inspires Bolt the dog to get in shape, and an intergalactic superstar makes a surprise appearance.


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